Zur rationalisierten Affektpolitik der >Islamisierung< am Beispiel rechtsextremer Basisaktivisten
Diefenbach, Aletta – 2022
The far-right currently mobilizes successfully through the anti-Muslimidea of an alleged »islamization«. The article takes an emotion-theoretical perspec-tive on interview material from group discussions with members of far-right groups(AfD, Pegida, Identitarian Movement) and reconstructs how the idea gains inter-subjective plausibility. The narrative evolves symbolically and affectively ambivalentbetween the interviewees, but follows three forms of modern rationalization: ratio-nality in the sense of a critical use of reason, cultural rationality in the sense of con-stitutional claims-making, and communicative rationality in the sense of consensus-oriented communication. They operate on the level of social analysis, the legitima-tion of knowledge, social criticism, and the style of conversation, each releasing itsown dynamics of affect. These ways of speaking provide a more comprehensive pic-ture of right-wing strategies of criticism of Islam. Research shows how the idea emerges through hatred and agitation breaking with the dominant political culture.However, this fear of Islam, mediated by factuality, is an attempt to include itselfinto the discourse of political liberalism. Finally, the paper outlines how this bour-geois politics of affect helps to specify the thesis of the emotionalization of thepublic sphere.