Public Attitudes Towards Psychiatrists in the Metropolitan Area of Hanoi, Vietnam
Ta, Thi Minh Tam; Böge, Kerem; Cao, Tien Duc; Schomerus, Georg; Nguyen, Tat Dinh; Dettling, Michael; Mungee, Aditya; Martensen, Lara Kim; Diefenbacher, Albert; Angermeyer, Matthias; Hahn, Eric – 2018
OBJECTIVES Mental health associated stigmatization remains problematic in low and middle-income countries, thus preventing patients from adequate access to psychiatric care. Public attitudes towards psychiatrists have not been examined in many countries, especially not in Vietnam where merely one psychiatrist per 300.000 population is available. The study aims to explore attitudes towards psychiatrists in the Hanoi municipality and to identify socio-demographical factors that influence these attitudes. METHODS Between April and August 2013, a general population-based survey was carried out in the greater Hanoi area, Vietnam. The sample of 817 participants was stratified according to the latest Vietnamese census (2009) and micro-census (2013) with regards to socio-demographic factors. Multivariate analyses were conducted to determine the influence of these factors on attitudes towards psychiatrists. RESULTS Gender and religious beliefs significantly influenced public attitudes towards psychiatrists. Male participants reported significantly more negative perception towards psychiatrists compared to female respondents. Participants following a religion reported significantly more negative attitudes toward psychiatrists than those without self-reported religious attainment. CONCLUSIONS Negative attitudes towards psychiatrists are associated with religious beliefs and gender affiliation in the greater Hanoi area. A strategy that involves religious institutions in raising awareness about mental health issues while considering public's socio-cultural attitudes may pave the way for greater potentialities of adequate psychiatric care, destigmatize the mental health system, and care provider.